Green Chemistry

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Green Chemistry

This refers to environmentally friendly chemicals and processes that result in: reduced waste, elimination of costly end-of-the-pipe treatments, safer products, and reduced use of energy and resources — all improving the competitiveness of chemical manufacturers and their customers.

It includes:

  • Design of alternative synthetic pathways for new or existing chemicals which do not utilize toxic reagents or solvents or do not produce toxic by-products or co-products.
  • Design or redesign of useful chemicals and materials such that they are less toxic to health and the environment or safer with regard to accident potential.

Areas of investigation include: chemical synthesis and catalysis; analysis and detection; separation processes; and reaction mechanisms.


  • Use of innovative methods such as catalysis and biocatalysis; photochemistry or biomimetic synthesis; and use of alternative starting materials which are innocuous or renewable.
  • Use of creative reaction conditions, such as using solvents which have a reduced impact on health and the environment or increasing reaction selectivity thus reducing wastes and emissions.

NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research, Program Guideline, March 12, 1996

Note there is a lot more on the above source page that might be useful. Or search just NSF.

External Links


U.S EPA [1]