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Alphabet with Words





Simple Tenses

Advanced Tenses

Advanced Sentence Structure and Vocabulary


What are Numbers

First Aid and Safety Procedures

Common First Aid Guide

Hot Work and Explosive Gases


What is Matter

Matter is Made of Atoms

Atoms have Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons


Atoms Bond Together

Periodic Table of Elements



Electrons have Electric Charge

Voltage (electrical potential difference) and Current (electron movement)


Electromagnetic Induction



Semiconductor Basics





Integrated Circuits

Wire Conductor Types and Forms

Tray Cables

Custom Cable Design Basics

Battery Cable Basics

Heat Shrink Tubing Basics

  • NiMH: Set power supply at 1.2V with current limit depending on the battery's capacity (ex. if 2500mAh, then set current limit at 2.5A). For multiple batteries, connect the batteries in parallel then set the current limit based on the battery set's capacity (ex. if 30,000mAh, then set current limit at 30A). Lower current limits are ok, but they will result in slower charge rates; higher current limits are situationally ok- if excessive current is channeled for too long a time, then the battery will overheat.

Surface Mount Assembly General Guide

Footprint Focused Surface Mounting

Linear vs Switched Mode Power Supply

Isolator 101

Selecting an Isolator

Qualifying an Isolator

Isolator Tech Comparisons


CNC Mill Technical Story


Thread Analysis

Metric/Imperial Tap Drill Sizes

Do not use paint on friction mount applications (ex. bolts and nuts)

When using sprocket and chain, ensure at least 180 degrees wrap around each sprocket.

Keep in mind that sprocket chains stretch 5%

Tap 1 layer not both out of 2 layers to be fastened

Use big red emergency buttons

Have designated failure points

Have lubrication mechanisms


PVC/CPVC Schedule Sizing Chart

Hose Barbs


Bacteria Growth Factors

Linear Guides


Box Ways vs Linear Ways

I have a friend who is the sole owner of a shop with 80+ highly modern CNC machines. In one area there are 5 or6 Haas VMC's. They're the only linear way machines in his shop, and they run nothing but aluminum. He specifically forbids the use of these machines for any other purpose, even if there's a backlog of steel parts and the linear way machines are idle. He says his experience has shown two choices for long term use of linear machines on tougher material. Either spend twice the cost per part on tooling that will protect the machine, or use more traditional tooling with the knowledge that you're significantly shortening the life of the machine. They did try the first approach on some parts for a few months around 5 years ago, and he said the numbers just proved his suspicion that the tooling cost would be excessive. On the other hand, the lesser cost of the Haas machines allows him to be more competitive on the aluminum parts than he would be if running the same parts on his high end box way mills. He told me one time one of the keys to making money is to always use a machine thats matched to the job, and not one that just happens to be cheaper or one that would be overkill and too expensive. Starting from his garage about 25 years ago doing work after he got home from his real job, he's in a 100,000 sq ft + shop today and debt free. When he talks about how to make money in the machining business, I always listen closely.


Dovetails are what they are. The different angles reflect different approaches to the problem of captivating linear bearing elements and obtaining the required function within a minimum number of machined surfaces.

Another consideration is also minimizing the "stack height" of two or more free moving linear bearings that incorporate mechanical strength and stiff operation while providing space for axis drive elements like lead screws, rack and pinion, and the necessary gearing and linkage.

Anyone who has peered in the guts of a later model Kearney and Trecker mill saddle will see a dazzling example of compact design.

As for the "best" angle, apparently anything from 45 to 60 degrees works. We have over a century of experience with all kinds of fancy angles derived from this proposition or that theory. They all work showing us that design, execution, and materials is probably more important to a stiff, strong, durable dovetail slide than some special dovetail angle.

Loads cantilevered off dovetail bearings in the pitch direction tend to spread them. 60 degree dovetails reflect more spreading force to the flanks than a shallower angle. Most DT slides are fully enveloped these days except for knee mills where the Lamb effect lurks to pounce on the man who tries to turn a turret mill into a jig borer.

At one time or another I've made a couple of dozen dovetail slides from scratch usually with a 60 degree dovetail angle for these reasons only:

On a planer: 1- it's an easier swivel for the planer slides - particularly if tool lift hoses or head interferances are a problem. 2- the inside corner is easier to cut, clean out, and relieve for hand scraping. 3 the clapper box angle isn't so tricky.

On a mill: 1- the necessary cutters are stocked in the toolroom. 2- I don't have to swivel any heads.

In practice: 60 degree dovetails are easier to clean and maintain the wipers than smaller angles.

So mostly it's minimizing time and materials.


Aluminum Welding Tips


High Speed Steel Grade Standards





Technical Blogging Standards and Procedure

Open Tech Organizations


Awesome Open Tech Organizations in the Universe!



Databases of Cool Files and Information!


Wikipedia: Free Online Encyclopedia

Lesson-based Education

Khan Academy



News Websites

Documentation Strategy

Documentation Strategy