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A specific kind of manufacturing system type, which is typically characterized by

  • small batches, but wide variety of parts that can be produced
  • high-skilled, versatile workers
  • machines of a single kind are organized in departments (e.g., milling department)
  • flow of parts through departments is ad-hoc
  • fraction of production is only 6% compared to highly optimized, highly specialized, 24/7 manufacturing (e.g., Transfer Line)

leading to

  • high flexibility/variety
  • low volume/production fraction


  • Wikipedia entry [1]