Open Source Washing Machine Project
Washing machines are arguably the most liberating machine that poor people can attain. Five billion people do not have access to washing machines (see Hans Rosling's TED talk); that means that women (and it is nearly always women) are spending tens of billions of hours doing boring, hard labour. By making a cheap, open-source washing machine, we can create billions of hours of free time for these women to do the things they really want to.
About the OSWash project
OSWASH website: http://www.oswash.org/ . This was a project aiming to build a cheap open-source washing machine, but nothing seems to have come of it. There are no designs on the website, and no updates for the past year. The biketech projects below are more active.
Project Presentation (from Internet Archive):
The open source washing machine project aims to rethink the way we wash clothes around the world, in accordance with economical, sociological, cultural and environmental aspects. Around the planet, most people - mostly women - wash clothes by hand in harsh conditions because of poverty, lack of sanitation, water or energy.
The project was born in spring 2008 during an Open Source Hardware workshop for artists in Craslab Paris. The Freeduino board is a piece of low-cost Open Source Hardware created to replace the systems that manage sensors, actuators or data acquisition in many devices. This electronic board is used by artists, designers, architects...
”A 12 $ freeduino could replace the programmer in any washing machine, because it can manage the keyboard of the washing machine. It can manage the heat and pressure sensors of the machine, and it can manage all the hardware like the heater, pumps or valves, and you could program your washing cycles yourself."
The idea of a DIY electronic washing machine using recycling parts and an open source microcontroller was born. “Let’s do it!”. But immediately, we knew that this was a Western-style project for rich countries only. Here in rich countries, we are able to use industrialised washing machines because we have electricity, running water, sanitation and detergents. But for more than 2 billion people, there is little or no water, no running water, no energy and no opportunity to buy and maintain a Western-style washing machine - even one made with recycled parts.
We had to find something different.
We had to rethink the economical, sociological and technical concepts of washing clothes from a mindset of sustainable development and respect of the natural and human environment.
We had to rethink the role of technology in day-to-day life, particularly as applied to the laborious activity of washing clothes.
How can we use open source technologies to solve both global and local issues? How can the exchange of knowledge, through open resources and open source communities, create the organisational model for such projects? How can the model of self-organisation and technological autarchy save us in the coming years, when the effects of the petrol/climate crisis will deeply affect all civilisation?
Forwarded message ----------
From: Kurt Van Houtte <email@example.com> Date: Wed, Jun 24, 2009 at 8:19 AM Subject: [dorkbotgent-announce] OSWASH: bring your dirty underwear! To: dorkbotgent-announce <firstname.lastname@example.org>
OSWASH | Open Source Washing Machine Project
A four day workshop this july (14-15-16-17) at the Summercamp Electrified in Ghent (Belgium) where we'll be rethinking, designing and developing open source washing machines. Using recycled parts and sustainable energy we'll be building working washing machine prototypes.
Bring your dirty underwear and join this workshop by sending a mail to email@example.com!
cost: €5/day for the workshop. €20/day extra for lunch & diner (optional)
clickedieclick > http://www.timelab.org/summercamp09/workshops/oswash/
"The open source washing machine project aims to rethink the way we wash clothes around the world...
The idea of a DIY electronic washing machine using recycling parts and Open source microcontroller was born in spring 2008 during an Open Source Hardware workshop for artists in Craslab Paris.
Workshop by Jean-Noël Montagné. French artist and activist born in 1963. Creates interactive installations with sensing technologies since 1991. Last installation: “Je te parlerai dans un reflet de lumière”, 2006/2007, an interactive installation on the subject of the walls for separating rich and poor. Founder of the non-profit NGO “Art Sensitif ” related to relations between art and science for interactive art. Founder and director of CRAS ressource center for interactive technologies in Paris-Saint Ouen."
Spread the word! /thx
Factor e Farm Happenings
We are considering making an industrial-scale washing machine by attaching the hydraulics of LifeTrac to the Universal Rotor to spin a vat full of clothes. This is one implementation using available power sources.
Open-source washing machine using biketech
Maya Pedal are developing an open-source pedal-powered washing machine. It is in the prototype phase and there are no plans online yet (March 2011).
And another one: The Cyclean. As of March 23rd 2011, it says, "Update: We are currently working on getting some plans up on here so you will be able to make your own".
And a third:
Email reply from Andrew Lowe (andrew-lowe AT utulsa.edu ):
My name is Andrew Lowe and myself and another TU student are in charge of the Pedal Powered Washing Machine product. We've nearly completed the first prototype, but unfortunate we didn't make any detailed plans. I can, however, give you some of the details of what we built and how we built it:
-We designed our machine primarily from videos we found on youtube of other machines that have already been built.
-The tub is made of two rain barrels. For the outside, we used a 55 gallon barrel. The only modification you have to make to this one is cut a hole in the top large enough to get your second barrel in. For the inside, we used a 30 gallon barrel and drilled small holes all around it to let the water in and also keep the clothes in. On this barrel we cut out a door and attached it with hinges and a latch. These barrels ended up being much too large and took too much water. When we rebuild it we're going to use smaller barrels.
-The outside barrel is mounted on a frame, keeping it from moving. The inside barrel has a shaft coming out of each side of the large barrel. This connects it to the drive shaft from the bike.
-For the drive shaft we just mounted bike pedals on a separate frame and connected that to a bike gear that turned the inside barrel directly.
-At the bottom of the larger barrel we put a valve to drain the water after washing
-We plan on adding a gear shifter to make it easier to get up to higher speeds for spin-drying the clothes.
Like I said, the first model has a few problems and we're going to try to rebuild it on a smaller scale. Next time we'll make more detailed plans.