Solving Housing

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OSE Whitepaper: Solving Housing

Package this like an annual report, where good graphics provide perspective, but this is very much established in a clear plan of action and visible results.

And provide testimonials from people served.

Solutions

Producer Training

The lowest cost way to build your own house consists of: 1, renting materials production equipment to produce all house construction materials including refrigerators and toaster ovens, 2, renting the necessary construction equipment, 3, lerning optimized techniques rapidly, and building your own house over a summer. This involves 1 month on site to produce materials, and 1 month on the build site of the client's future dream home. Total cost is nominally $42k. For this to be accessible, there would have to be one of these operations every 2 hours driving radius, or 100 of these USA wide.

This package is summarized as: $27k cost for materials for a house + builder training, delivered at door of customer. Customer is trained to produce all the materials at OSE - they are microfactory participants for a month. In that month, they generate resources for their house. Then they spend a month building it on their land - 2 people = 320 hours. $10k for training for a couple, and $10k for materials + shipping. 2 week training + 2 week production. Every 2-10 houses (depending on poverty rate of a given region) we can subsidize someone else. We train you to build modules, 3D print, use sawmill, use brick press. Materials include CEBs, lumber, and waste plastic ($100/bale) - one bale is 1000 lb (see Plastic Bales). Each bale makes 5 house modules, so we need 8 bales per house. One month must make enough material - so it should take no more than 1 week to shred and extrude. Shred is at 100 lb/hr, filament making is 8-strand extruder at 2 lb/hr = 400 lb/day. This is where we go to 1/4" filament, get 3x the production rate = 1200 lb/day. But the house is made primarily of CEB - so we need 100 feet of wall, or 2000 sf of wall.That would be 12000 block. At 10 block per minute - 600 per hour - that is 20 hours of pressing. 12,000 block is 240k lb - or 5 loads. (One person can lift 1000 bricks per day easily, and much more or much less depending on their strength and ergonomics setup). This involves close to 100 cubic yards of soil. That is a basement for Seed Eco-Home - 6' deep - or a small pond. $5k for shipping if 5 trucks going at 500 mi distance at $2/mi. Foundation is $2k if you DIY. Other materials are $2k (some fittings), and then all appliances - say $3k. Then you have $27 for the house build in materials. The general principle is that it will cost you 1/2 of current materials costs, with costs internalized. There would be about $5k of materials initially that we could not produce on site.

The time spent (for 2 people) is one month of materials production, and 1 month of house construction. This is what we are aiming for, at a cost of $27k for operations and supplies, $5k extra materials, and an $10k service fee - total of $42k to produce all the building materials.

The concept here is - can an individual spend 2 months to address the #1 cost in their life - their house? Instead of having to work for somebody else to get the money for it?

To solve the latter - if $100/hr equivalent value is produced - then in 2 weeks the worth of 2 peoples' labor generates $100*160=$16000. If the person is radically efficient, even higher than $100/hr value - then the value produced can cross-subsidize their participation (if they do a 50/50 'sharecropping' model - producing their own house parts AND double that so that what they produce we can buy from them to even enable them to participate for free). That would be for very low income people, or undeveloped areas. The idea is - machines make productivity extreme, and if we run an efficient operation, we are freeing people up to pursue their dreams.

Working Doc

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Issues List - To Be Prioritized

  1. Supply chain - latest in 2022 is garage doors - [1] - such that closing is delayed or temp doors are installed. Build times of 1 year instead of 7 months reported due to the recent garage door issue.
  2. Optimize existing house aid efforts - ex, If an organization that is an international travel agency charges people as 'aid tourism' and low skill level ends up not finishing a house. OSE can provide finishing school, ie, faster build time and optimized design via Extreme Manufacturing swarms. And, fix Aid Tourism in the first place.
  3. Building optimized housing using Integrated Efficiency and Universal Design not requiring constant remodeling as you go through different phases of your life.
  4. Producing digital housing - with a full digital model, scalability can arise via 6Ds of Disruption
  5. Create a 3 month training mechanism for new builders to get up and running completely, to deliver upon orders acquired in distributed operations worldwide
  6. A continuing product dev mechanism, funded by sales from the education organization. Product sales combine with apprenticeships and tuition to deliver new house builders, and houses built.
  7. Open source supporting equipment, based on lifetime design, provides low cost support infrastructure
  8. Creating land for new regenerative settlements, and taking land out of speculation.
  9. Cooperative Housing

Facts and Figures

  • 300k houses short in the USA 2020 [2]
  • 8M people USA pay at least 50% of their income on housing [3]

Notes

  • Sell at 'market value' ie cost comparable to what is available, but provide productive capital, not a liability. Such as microfactory production or energy production. Such as microgrids - where if we educate the city departments, we can have a flexible energy production infrastructure on the scale of communities. This takes getting past big utility lobbies or just plain resistance. Blockchain microgrids are a natural solution.
  • See Selling Power Back to the Grid
  • Brownsville is the most dense public housing area in the USA - [4]

Industry Standards

What are the known issues that the industry communicates as pain points?

Proposed Opinions

  • Proposing public-owned housing, like social security. You pay down a rent, until you 'own', but you don't really own, though you can draw value from your fund. [6]. Sold at market value. What does that solve, though?
    • Probably solves the issues of rent vs ownership etc User: Eric
  • Community land trusts: a non-profit that owns land and takes it off the speculative market, creating a parallel market that is permanently affordable.

Global Perspective

  1. The Communist Block - [7]. MJ verification - my Polish youth apartment had small rooms with fold-out beds for the kids. Parents still own this after provatization. However, it was a comfy apartment in the Block. Everyone from a scientist to a factory worker lived in these - and the social conditions were not the ghetto of racist American project housing.