# Basic Calculations

## Contents

- 1 Protocol
- 2 About
- 3 Natural Resource Availability
- 4 Biological
- 5 Electrical and Magnetic
- 6 Thermal
- 7 Conversion
- 8 Construction
- 9 Speed, Torque, Power, Energy
- 10 Physical Quantities
- 11 Air Flow
- 12 Economics
- 13 Structural
- 14 Size, Geometry, Weight and Volume
- 15 Construction
- 16 OSE Machines
- 17 Spreadsheet

# Protocol

- Use Calculations Template - you can make a copy of it or include just the relevant quantities.
- Document your work at a wiki page named MachineName_Calculations
- Use Presentation Template to explain your calculations with pictures and diagrams. Embed this on the MachineName_Calculations wiki pag. For simple calculations, take pictures of backs of envelopes, your note sheets, screencasts, etc - that show basic quantifications. Use whatever is relevant to quantify what you are working on.

# About

Calulations are importance for reasons of determining performance. They are also used in product literature to show useful product specifications.

Scaling Calculations are calculations that also consider scalability. These calculations include all relevant physical, mechanical, fluid, electrical, chemical, thermal, static, dynamic, aerodynamic, acoustic, optical, hydrological, nuclear, structural, and other properties that allow a machine to be effective for a particular purpose. Scalability is emphasized because a single design should be adaptable to different scales of operation via Intensive and Extensive Scalability. Calculations include both parameters and calculations based on these parameters.

# Natural Resource Availability

- Solar income on earth - Solar Income
- Raodside hay - Straw Bale Calculations
- Inches of rain per area to gallons - [1]

# Biological

# Electrical and Magnetic

- Nichrome Wire Calculator
- Voltage Drop Calculator
- EMF Calculations - in FreeCAD?
- Open Source Motor Simulation - generic DC motor
- Axial Flux Permanent Magnet generator - OpenAFPM

# Thermal

- OSE Design Manual - Thermal Calculations
- Heat loss from a pipe. Select inner temperature, outer temp, dimensions, and wall conductivity - [2]
- PEX length for a given spacing and room size- [3]

# Conversion

- Fractional inch to mm - [4]

# Construction

# Speed, Torque, Power, Energy

- Cycling Power and Speed Calculator
- Torque Conversion Calculator
- Pile Driver Calculations
- Hammermill rotor load - Soil_Mixer_2019#Calculating_Load_of_on_Motor
- Motor Speed Calculator
- Hydraulics Calculators
- Chain Length Calculator
- Embodied energy - Cement Energy Calculations

# Physical Quantities

- Motor Torque based on power
- Nichrome Wire Calculator
- Pulley Calculator
- Solenoid Force Calculator
- Solar Angle Calculator
- Magnet Force Calculator
- Cycling Power and Speed Calculator

# Air Flow

# Economics

# Structural

- FreeCAD FEM Workbench
- Shaft Deflection Calculator
- Beam Deflection Calculator
- Fibers - Fiber-Plastic Composite Calculations

# Size, Geometry, Weight and Volume

- Area Calculator
- Volume Calculator
- Steel Plate Weight Calculator
- Bolt Weight Calculator
- Nut Weight Calculator
- Metals Weight Calculator - by material
- Steel Weight Calculator - steel by shape
- Triangle Calculator
- Basic force, torque, stress limit calculations
- Center of Mass + Weight
- Range of Motion Design calculations
- CAE analysis for structural failure, fatigue, deformation, crash testing, abrasion, thermal properties, and others
- Cost
- Beam deflection
- Expected lifetime
- Basics Statics calculations according to Basic Statics Calculations Procedure
- Expected maintenance cost according to Maintenance Cost Template
- Performance/power/speed/lifetime/lift/etc.
- Precision calculations - what precision of motion is achieved in devices
- Tolerancing requirements
- Hydraulic fluid flow and pressure
- Basic static loads analysis of mechanical devices
- Rotation speeds
- Bending forces
- Shear strength limits
- Thermal loss calculations
- Thermal profiles - FEA
- Geometrical optics
- Torque calculations
- Rotational inertia
- EMF calculations
- Thermal mass calculations
- Combustion calculations

# Construction

- Gravel Calculator - how much gravel does it take to get a certain thickness over an area?
- Span Calculator
- CEB Calculations

These calculations should be performed for all critical components of machines, even though the aim is not Value Engineering. In the case over-building of components for purposes of lifetime design, calculations are relevant for providing accurate assessment of safety factors and performance expectations independent of empirical performance data.

A list of desired calculations or data points should be produced for each machine. Note: a spreadsheet or education page should be included to give a crash course on each calculation for the benefit of a novice who has a working knowledge of secondary-level

# OSE Machines

- Lyman Filament Maker Calculations
- Brick Pressing Rate Calculations
- Nichrome heater - D3D Universal v20.07 Calculations
- Biodigester gas production - Biodigester#Technical_Design_.2B_Calculations

# Spreadsheet

The typical calculations for consideration are: