Soil Mixer 2019

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  • Soil Hopper
  • Stabilizer Hopper
  • Check.pngDrawer
  • Drawer Guide
  • Check.pngMixing Chamber
  • Check.pngRotor
  • Motor Mount
  • Mister
  • Chute
  • Legs
  • Controller


Hammermillrotor.pngHammermillhammer.pngHammermillrotor2.png4hamma.png16hamma.pngDiskrough.pngChamber rough.pngDrawer rough.pngChamber rough hollow.pngDrawer with cover.pngWideneddrawer.pngMillwithdrawer.pngMillwithguide.pngRotateddrawer.png4x6guides.pngSoilloadingtable.pngCylinder.pngMillwithcylinder.png

A2+ Version by Aidan (outdated)

Aidanhammermillrotor.png(todo: transfer from Dropbox to wiki so version history can be maintained. Use Merge Workflow if file size is >1MB.

Download the zipped folder, extract all, and open the assembly file. Requires A2+ workbench.

I made the clamshell pieces 3.375" long.

Dropbox link: DropBox A2+ Library

Design Doc: Integration


Build Plan


Initial Concept


Concept Feedback

Second Round

From Aidan

I'm glad to see the design is evolving, that an electronically driven auger will meter the stabilizer, and that a mister will fit into the equation somewhere.

  1. It looks like one critical area is that the mixing chamber walls need to be a very precise offset from the hammermill teeth so that we get the right velocity of particles going out the chute. This ejection style feed relies on a high velocity output.
    1. MJ - Yes, 3000 RPM appears to be about 120 mph, not a problem.
    2. Sorry my comment above was rushed and my point was lost. I'm more concerned about fabricating the mixing drum to the precision we need. Off shelf would be the best bet but i dont know if we can get pipe that large here. Maybe. I'll call around if that's the idea, to use pipe. Aidan Williamson (talk) 17:18, 31 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. The 375in-lb motor seems a bit weak if we want continuous 3000rpm while loaded. If we're using a standalone power unit can't we get higher flows and move up to a 2 cubic inch motor? What is the limiting factor in increasing system flow? Valves? We're going to be switching the drawer while the motor is engaged so I don't think the full system flow will ever enter the cylinder part - as long as we can do it in parallel. Do we need a valve for the motor? Can't it just always be running? Anyway, I think a higher flow motor would be a good idea if we can do it. 375in-lb is only about 50lbs of force at 8in radius.
    1. MJ: The motor selected for power input, and here we assume 20 hp max. That should be plenty if our brick pressing rate is 6 bpm. There is no limit to scaling flow - could use a larger motor and larger flow. But I don't think we need more than 20 hp for 6 bpm. This is a tiny hammermill.
    2. Yes its small and its heavy. The rotor drawn would be about 300lb by itself based on a quick calculation. I'll see what tractor we will be using it with and maybe we can size the motor based on the tractor flow. There are a few guys who have tractors down here that i need to talk to about renting.Aidan Williamson (talk) 17:18, 31 August 2019 (UTC)
  3. The way the CAD is drawn is not clear on how the rotor is made. Are there multiple clamshell pieces with one side of the clamshell welded to each plate? I'm not sure how we would make it the way it's drawn now. I feel a better way to model it for manufacturing would be to make each part separately and then integrate them in an assembly (like using A2+) so that collaborators get a good idea of how to make it at a glance.
    1. MJ: Sure. I'll add more build detail, maybe you can do the proper explosions. I tried to put in the build detail but ran into FreeCAD bugs.
    2. Yes i will do come CAD tonight or tomorrow on it. Still unsure of where to slice the clamshells.Aidan Williamson (talk) 17:18, 31 August 2019 (UTC)

First Round

From Aidan

Hey, here is my feedback on the first concept in question form:

  1. How do we know that a repeatable amount of soil and stabilizer will fall through the loading drawer aperture? Do we have a way to apply a force other than gravity to give better cycle to cycle repeatability?
    1. MJ: Depends on soil quality in both cases. Input soil has to have the right moisture content and particle size. Auger AND drawer loader will not work without proper soil quality in the first place. Can you find out from Rob if his Auger works under real life conditions
    2. Rob is very enthusiastic about his mixer. He says it works great and has offered to work with us to supply a mixer to Belize. Emails here.File:ADW Beddingfield Mixer.pdf Aidan Williamson (talk) 23:21, 13 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. How can we vary the ratio of soil to stabilizer in the field? Would the users be able to modulate the aperture size?
    1. MJ: that needs to be designed. Inserts into the cement drawer chamber would be one way to do it.
  3. What would eject the material up and out of the chute after mixing is complete? How do we know all the material would be thrown out?
    1. MJ: Hammermill ejects mix when drawer is opened. Tolerance of hammermill hammers to chamber walls determine how well soil is emptied.
  4. At what point is water incorporated into the mixing process? Is the water added to the soil beforehand? This soil would have a higher moisture content than the final mix would and this would lead to bridging in a hopper. Consider this when analyzing this point.
    1. MJ: Don't know without seeing how it works in practice.
  5. The mixing would take longer than a compression cycle. That is my intuition and it may be wrong. Would this one brick mix quantity be sent to an accumulator so that the brick press is not operating at a reduced speed?
    1. MJ: Conservation of energy says that unless you have another power source, you will get fewer than the rated 6 block per minute that obtain from CEB press only operation. Ideally we have another hydraulic takeoff from a tractor or bobcat that powers the mixer.
  6. Can we some way do the soil loading without an additional hydraulic actuator (or with a much less expensive cylinder)?
    1. There is no additional hydraulic actuator. One cylinder runs loading and ejection.
  7. For Lime Blocks: A retention time is encouraged by texts on the subject, a time between mixing and compression. In what ways could our mixer accommodate this step?
    1. MJ: Don't know, haven't tried it.

Soil Mixer Genealogy

Soil Mixer Genealogy

Industry Standards

  • Aureka - CEB soil crusher and soil mixer
  • Backhoe mounted soil/rock crusher - [1]