Set di Costruzione del Villaggio Globale
- 1 Introduction
- 2 I Concetti
- 3 The Tools
- 4 Videos
- 5 Product Selection Criteria
- 6 Enabling Technology - Salient Features of Technology Base
Il Set di Costruzione del Villaggio Globale è una raccolta di 50 Macchinari Industriali che permettono la creazione di una civilizzazione su piccola scala con comfort moderni. guarda il TED Talk di Marcin.
In questa pagina, avrai una panoramica di ogni macchinario, assieme alle rispettive pagine wiki, blog commenti e forum.
Guarda inoltre il Crash Course.
I concetti che danno vita al CVCS sono
- Open Source - noi pubblichiamo gratuitamente i nostri progetti in 3d, gli schemi, le videoguide, i costi, ed i manuali dei prodotti sulla nostra wiki open source sfruttando la collaborazione aperta con l'intervento di tecnici.
- A basso costo - I costi per realizzare o comprare le nostre macchine sono, in media, 8 volte più convenienti che comprandoli da un Prodduttore Industriale, includendo un costo del lavoro medio di 15$ l'ora per un produttore del GVCS.
- Modulabilità - Motori, componenti, assemblaggi, ed unità di potenza possono essere interconnessi, dove le unità possono essere raggruppate per diversificare la funzionalità che può essere ottenuta da un piccolo insieme di unità.
- Al servizio dell'Utente - La Progettazione per Disassemblamento permette all'utente di smontare, curare la manutenzione, e riparare gli strumenti direttamente senza il bisogno di dipendere da costosi centri d'assistenza.
- DIY - (do-it-yourself, fallo con le tue mani) l'utente prende possesso della prototipazione, della produzione, e della modifica del set di strumenti GVCS.
- Produzione a Ciclo Chiuso - Il metallo è un componente essenziale della civilizzazione avanzata, e la nostra piattaforma permette di riciclare il metallo in scorte rigenerate per produrre ulteriori tecnologie del GVCS - permettendo così un ciclo di produzione chiuso.
- Alte Prestazioni - Gli standard delle prestazioni devono equivalere o superare quelle delle controparti industriali per poter rendere il GVCS autosufficiente.
- Produzione Flessibile - è stato dimostrato che l'uso flessibile di macchinari generici in una produzione su scala corretta è attuabile come alternativa al sistema di produzione centralizzato.
- Economia Distributiva - Noi incoraggiamo la moltiplicazione di imprese che derivano dalla piattaforma GVCS come cammino verso un'industria veramente libera - seguendo le idee di democrazia di Jefferson.
- Efficienza Industriale - Al fine di creare una scelta attuabile per uno stile di vita dinamico, la piattaforma GVCS eguaglia o supera gli standard produttivi delle controparti industriali.
|TOOL||DESCRIPTION||IMAGE||STATUS||PROJECT MANAGER||FORUM DISCUSSION||BLOG||OTHER WIKI ARTICLES|
|CEB Press||A high-performance Compresssed Earth Block press. Compresssed Earth Block building is the highest quality natural building method. The page CEB intro contains introductory information on compressed earth blocks||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/compressed-earth-brick-press.png||COMPLETE AND TESTED!||Marcin Jakubowski||ceb-press||compressed-earth-block-press||Category: CEB|
|Tractor||A versatile, 4-wheel drive, hydraulically-driven, skid-steering tractor with 18 to 200 horsepower capacity for agriculture, construction and other utility duties.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/lifetrac.png||PROTOTYPE COMPLETE!||Marcin Jakubowski||lifetrac||Category: LifeTrac|
|Microtractor||a small, 18 hp version of the full-sized tractor for powering a wide range of implements in agricultural and utility duties||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/microtrac.png||PROTOTYPE COMPLETE!||Category: MicroTrac|
|Bulldozer||A high-traction, heavy earth-moving machine indispensible for building ponds, berms, and other permacultural earthforms, as well as for other tasks such as building roads or clearing land||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/bulldozer.png||STATUS|
|Power Cube||A multipurpose, self-contained, hydraulic power power unit that consisting of an engine coupled to a hydraulic pump||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/powercube.png||PROTOTYPE COMPLETE!||Marcin Jakubowski||power-cube||power-cube||Category: Power Cube|
|Multimachine||A multipurpose, precision CNC machining and metal cutting device for milling, lathing, drilling to make precision parts; includes surface grinding and cold-cut metal sawing||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/multimachine.png||STATUS|
|Ironworker||A device that can instantly cut steel and punch holes in metal one inch thick||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/ironworker.png||STATUS|
|CNC Torch Table||A computer-controlled cutting table for metal where a moving torch head is used to produce precision metal parts in a fraction of the time that it takes to do so manually||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/torch-table.png||PROTOTYPE COMPLETE!||Category: Torch Table|
|3D Printer||An additive manufacturing technology where a three dimensional object is printed by laying down successive layers of material, just like a printer except in 3D||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/3d-printer.png||COMPLETE AND TESTED!||The RepRap community, led by Adrian Bowyer||
|3D Scanner||A device that can generate a 3D digital scan from a real-life object, where the file can be used to reproduce the object in 3D with a device such as the 3D printer or CNC Precision Multimachine||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/3d-scanner.png||STATUS|
|CNC Circuit Mill||A computer-controlled device that can produce electrical circuits by milling and drilling on copper-clad circuit boards||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/circuit-mill.png||STATUS|
|Industrial Robot||A robotic arm which can perform certain human tasks - such as welding or milling – for performing tasks that are not better done by humans||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/robotic-arm.png||IN DEVELOPMENT||Yoonseo Kang||
|Laser Cutter||An industrial machine that can make precision, finish cuts in a wide array of substrates, such as metal, wood, or plastic||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/laser-cutter.png||IN DEVELOPMENT||The Lasersaur team|
|Open Source Welder||A device used to make strong, permanent bonds in metal by melting and fusing the metal||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/mig-welder.png||STATUS|
|Plasma Cutter||A device to cut metal using a plasma torch||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/plasma-cutter.png||STATUS|
|Induction Furnace||An electrical furnace in which the heat is applied by induction heating of metal, providing clean, versatile, compact, energy-efficient, and well-controlled melting compared to flame furnaces||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/induction-furnace.png||IN DEVELOPMENT||induction-furnace||induction-furnace||Category: Induction Furnace|
|Metal Roller||A metal forming process in which metal stock is passed through a pair of rolls to produce a desired shape, such as flat bar, angle, or u-channel||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/metal-rolling-machine.png||STATUS|
|Rod and Wire Mill||A subset of metal rolling, used to make shafts, rebar, thin rods, and down to wire.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/wire-n-rod-mill.png||STATUS|
|Press Forge||A device for shaping metal by the application of a shaping die and a continuous pressure or force.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/forge.png||STATUS|
|Modern Steam Engine||A modern engine where an external heat source is used to turn water into steam, and the steam in turn moves reciprocating pistons to provide shaft power||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/steam-engine.png||IN DEVELOPMENT||Mark J Norton||steam-engine-construction-set||steam-engine-construction-set||Category: Steam Engine|
|Gasifier Burner||A clean and efficient burner that gasifies the material that is being burned prior to combustion||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/gasifier-burner.png||STATUS|
|Steam Generator||A device that generates steam from water that is passed through externally-heated coils||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/steam-generator.png||STATUS|
|Solar Concentrator||An array of mirrors to concentrate sunlight so it can boil water and drive a steam engine.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/solar-concentrator.png||STATUS||The Solar Fire team|
|Wind Turbine||A device that produces electrical power from wind energy||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/wind-turbine.png||STATUS|
|Aluminum Extractor||A device that produces aluminum from clay by dissolving the aluminum from aluminosilicate (clay), and then electrolyzing the resulting compound to form pure aluminum||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/alluminum-extractor.png||STATUS||Edward McCullough|
|Pelletizer||A device that compresses shredded pieces of biomass or other substances to compact, flowable pellets||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/pelletizer.png|
|Seeder||A tractor-pulled seeder than can plant any seed, from small seeds like clover to large seeds such as potatoes||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/universal-seeder.png|
|Rototiller||A tractor implement that tills soil with blades via rotary action||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/pulverizer-tiller.png|
|Spader||A set of mechanical shovels that prepare soil for planting without causing a hardpan typical of rototiller tilling||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/spader.png|
|Microcombine||A small-scale harvester-thresher for mechanical harvesting of any grain crops, with a cutting swath of about 3 feet in width||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/microcombine.png|
|Universal Rotor||A tractor-mounted rotor that can be fitted with a wide array of toolheads, such as string trimmer, posthole digger, tree planting auger, slurry mixer, and many others||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/universal-rotor.png|
|Baler||A device that compresses hay and other light and dispersed materials into more compact bales||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/baler.png|
|Hay Rake||A mechanical implement for a tractor that rakes hay or other light materials into windrows or other formations for drying or baling||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/hay-rake.png|
|Hay Cutter||A device that cuts grass, hay, straw, or other light biomass for haying, baling, or combining||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/hay-cutter.png|
|Backhoe||A piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm for digging trenches or large holes||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/backhoe.png|
|Chipper/Hammermill||A machine used for reducing wood or other materials into smaller parts, such as chips or shreds||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/chipper-hammermill.png|
|Trencher||A piece of construction equipment that uses a cutting wheel for digging trenches, laying pipe, cable, or drainage||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/trencher.png|
|Open Source Car||A wheeled motor vehicle for transporting people||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/automobile.png|
|Open Source Truck||A larger version of an automobile with a bed for transporting loads||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/truck.png|
|Dimensional Sawmill||A dimensional sawmill is a circular blade sawmill with 2 blades that is used for producing dimensional lumber in one pass||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/sawmill.png|
|Cement Mixer||A device that homogeneously combines cement, aggregate such as sand or gravel, and water to form concrete||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/cement-mixer.png|
|Well-Drilling Rig||A device for digging deep water wells||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/well-drilling-rig.png|
|Bakery Oven||A device for heating various forms of dough into breads and other baked goods||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/industrial-bread-oven.png|
|Dairy Milker||A device which harvests milk automatically from milk-producing livestock||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/milking-machine.png|
|Electric Motor/Generator||A device that functions as a motor when energized with a voltage, which can also function as an electrical generator when it is spun.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/electric-motor-generator.png|
|Hydraulic Motor||A mechanical actuator that converts high-pressure fluid flow into rotation||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/hydraulic-motor.png|
|Bioplastic Extruder||An extruder takes a charge of plastic and extrudes a sheet or other profile of useful form, such as greenhouse glazing or water tubing||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/plastic-extruder.png|
|Universal Power Supply||This is a combination power supply for applications from off-grid power to supplying power to welders, induction furnaces, and plasma cutters.||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/universal-power-supply.png|
|Nickel Iron Batteries||Long-life batteries that have a track record of lasting 50 or more years||http://openfarmtech.org/temp-gvcs-icons/nickel-iron-batteries.png|
|Drill press||PROTOTYPE COMPLETE!||drill-press||Category: Drill Press|
Want to add another tool?
If you think another technology belongs on the GVCS list, follow this procedure -
- Read the OSE Specifications and answer the questionnaire.
- If the tool scores highly on the questionnaire and meets most of the OSE specifications, start a thread on the forum with a title beginning "Proposed Tool:" (e.g. "Proposed Tool: Washing Machine"). You may be challenged, and will have to convince the community that it is realistic and worth pursuing.
- If the consensus on the forum is in favor of adding the tool to the GVCS, feel free to edit the list above to add the new tool
- By proposing the tool, you take responsibility for it. You become project manager for that tool, and will have to build and prototype it yourself, or else recruit and manage someone who can.
- Loader - an attachment for the LifeTrac tractor
- Village-scale washing machine - powered by the universal rotor
- Fridge - see the page on refrigeration
- Reversible heat pump - for controlling the temperature of homes and greenhouses, refrigerating food and medicine, harnessing solar and geothermal heat
- Stirling engine - transforms heat into mechanical energy
- Spectrometer and computer oscilloscope - adding these to the GVCS would form a complete Fab Lab. Most of the work will be done by other open-source groups.
- Juice Press - A juice press powered by the Power Cube.
- Log Splitter - A log splitter powered by the Power Cube.
See a 2 minute video explainer about the GVCS:
See latest presentation on the GVCS (as of June, 2010)
Economy creates culture and culture creates politics. The politics we seek are freedom, voluntary contract, and human evolution in harmony with life support systems. Note that resource conflicts and overpopulation are eliminated by design. We are after the creation of new society, one which has learned from the past and moves forward with ancient wisdom and modern technology.
This is a real experiment, and product selection is based on us living with the given technologies. First, it is the development of real, economically significant hardware, product, and engineering. Second, this entire set is being compiled into one setting, and land is being populated with the respective productive agents. The aim is to define a new form of social organization where it is possible to create advanced culture, thriving in abundance and largely autonomous, on the scale of a village, not nation or state.
Here is a talk by Marcin Jakubowski on the GVCS at the 4th Oekonux Conference. You can download the slides and see a transcript here.
First is an introduction by Franz Nahrada, leader of the Globally Integrated Village Environment:
Click the arrows on the sides to see other videos.</center></html>
And you can also view a GVCS slide show presentation for more information.
Product Selection Criteria
Enterprise Community Contract
We are proposing the formation of Global Villages in the form of productive enterprise communities that strive for unprecedented quality of life:
- material abundance
- freedom from bureacracy and unnecessary activity
- total focus on one's true interests
For our particular OSE prototype implementation, we are interested in the following general essence of an Enterprise Community Contract:
- 2 hours of productive activity daily, such that 100% of the community's food, energy, housing, transportation, and technology essentials are produced for subsistence, with surplus production for market
- Agriculture base follows permaculture design, and includes production of water soluble organic fertilizer, orchard, nursery, and crops, as well as certain food processing and value added propositions
- Flexible fabrication produces advanced technologies at the cost of materials
- Cost of living is reduced dramatically, from $20,000/year in the industrialized world, to negligible income requirements, under the assumption of high-tech self-providing
- Each participant undertakes a study program of full stewardship of the community, including:
- Agricultural production capacity
- Technological literacy to operate and maintain flex fab equipment and other machinery
- Numeracy to facilitate design
- Study of the mind and body to expand one's consciousness, skills, and abilities, and to disseminate such human augmentation widely towards eliminating mind control of the masses
- Entry of new people can be negotiated by the new participants providing skills and productive contribution to the community
- Beyond the 2 hour requirement, participants follow a research lifestyle to promote further development of the community or of the greater world
Enabling Technology - Salient Features of Technology Base
Without going into details, the main features for the comprehensive technology base are:
- Hybridization of power devices - decoupling of power source from the working unit in order to produce electrical drive is a formula for increasing integrated efficiency of electromechanical devices such as electric vehicles, tools, heavy equipment, etc. For example, the hybrid car decouples the engine from its wheels by using an electrical generator to feed electric wheel motors. Note that this eliminates the clutch, transmission, crank case and its oil, differential, drive train, and other parts, and replaces these items with electric wire from the generator to electric motor. This is a huge efficiency leap, one in fuel efficiency, and two, in eliminating billions of dollars of industry which is outdated today due to the hybridization option. As such, we can talk of complex machines with huge simplification, assuming easy access to infinitely scaleable and controllable, low cost electric motors (these do not exist today). For example, we can envision an agricultural combine where each moving part is powered by its own electric motor - producing a leap in simplification and maintenance of the overall machine - as all belts, pulleys, gears, and other power transmission components driven by a single engine - are all replaced by electric wire. One can point to many examples where such strategy would provide leapfrog advance in device simplicity and maintenance.
- Solar turbine power generation including heat storage - look at Solar Turbine CHP System
- Open source fab lab - combine and expand the  with xyz table as in RepRap (http://reprap.org/), and you can envision a robust fabrication device that integrates open source computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided manufacturing (CAM). This device would perform a large variety of machining and fabrication operations, and would be producible at the cost of materials if metal casting is available. When deployed, we are talking of producing any advanced object or device at the cost of materials. Would you like to fabricate an electric motor for your personal transport vehicle? Here, I'll email you a file to make on your local village fabber. In practice, one could conceptualize a single or several Multimachines, with their milling-drilling-lathing functions, surrounding an xyz motion platform with interchangeable heads. These heads could include acetylene torch attachment, plasma cutter, CO2 laser, router, hot wire, or additive heads such as a plastic extruder found in RepRap. This overall fab lab concept could start with a basic machine such as the Multimachine, with computer controls and table added in time. As such, this is a realistic proposition - with supporting open source knowhow with significant advancement already available. This propels civilization to new levels of decentralized material prosperity, and implies significant reduction of resource conflicts, especially if material feedstocks are sourced locally - as in the next point.
- Production of local feedstocks-
- Wood and structural masonry compressed earth block (CEB) for construction - produced from on-site trees and soils
- Compressed Fuel Gas for cooking or melting metal - gas produced from trees
- Bioplastics - such as cellophane from trees
- Biofuels - Fuel Alcohol in temperate zones, palm oil in tropical zones
- Industrial detritus (waste materials) processing - includes Metal Casting and Extrusion or Plastic Extrusion & Molding
- Aluminum Extraction From Clays
Imagine a village with buildings of dirt (CEB) with year-round greenhouses (sawmill, CEB, bioplastics from local trees), with all facility energy produced by a solar turbine, where people drive hybrid cars with car bodies (bioplastics) made from local weeds, with critical motors and metal structures (aluminum) extracted from on-site clay, which are fueled by alcohol produced on-site, on a wireless network linked to the greater world. That's just a sampling of the technology base. Food, energy, housing sufficiency. There are no poor among us - because we are all evolving human beings and farmer scientists.
Definition of Open Source Hardware and OSE Specifications
See the updated entry for OSE Spec here.
We like to be clear about the meaning of open, or open source,' as used in this work for items of physical production. By open source, we mean documented to the point where one may replicate a given item, without even consulting with the developers. To us, this embodies the most complete form of documentation possible, where sufficient detail is provided to enable independent replication. This is open source embodied in OSE Specifications. Other features of OSE Specificationsare:
- Freely downloadable documentation
- DfD, lifetime design
- Simplicity and low cost are of prime importance
- Replaceable components
- Modular Design
- Level 1 - product fabrication or production is local
- Level 2 - material sourcing is local
- Product evolution - phases and versions are pursued
- Concrete Flexible Fabrication mechanism exists for others to purchase the product at reasonable cost
- Open franchising - replicable enterprise design is available, and training exists for entrepreneurs
Thus, these features are meant to promote liberatory technology - open, replicable, essential, optimal, and ecological goods and services for humankind living in harmony with natural life support systems.
Here is a partial list of assumptions that we are making as we go about the development work of this wiki. These assumptions help one to understand our motivations and approach.
- Civilization are shaped by their resource base. The resource base is what gives people power. By controlling others through an economic or social hierarchy, we can control resources, and thus gain power. Resource conflicts occur because people have not yet learned to manage resources without stealing. Society has not transcended the brute struggle for survival. We remain on the bottom steps of Maslow's pyramid. Transcending resource conflicts by creating abundance, first for hundreds, then for thousands of people, is now possible if knowledge flows openly and advanced technology is applied to produce goods.
- Said propaganda and conditioning has successfully removed the notion of self-sufficiency as a viable means of livelihood. Most people are afraid of self-sufficiency and consider it a return to the stone age. Most people cannot envision that advanced civilization can be created in small (100-1000 person), self-sufficient, highly skilled communities. Furthermore, most people do not realize that it is possible to educate, skill, and evolve human beings such that an integrated, self-sufficient lifestyle option that promotes advanced civilization on a small scale of human organization is created. It it possible to achieve this level of excellence if people are taught real knowledge and wisdom, as opposed to undergoing global workforce training.
- Education curricula have typically deleted practical applications deliberately, to produce subjects of the global workforce. If education is reinstated then self-sufficiency will emerge as a natural option.
- Self-sufficiency is not an antisocial behavior, but a means to full individual and community accountability for resource conflicts, foul politics, and other corruptions of large-scale endeavors. (review works of Gandhi, Schumacher, Fuller) Self-sufficiency is a means to highest quality life by definition, one is in control of one's destiny when one is self-sufficient. The assumption of self-sufficiency is that its practitioners must be highly skilled, and not products of centralist education.
- By self-sufficient, we mean in full control of providing one's needs. Note that self-sufficiency refers to needs - those things that allow one to survive in absolute health - and not wants. Self-sufficiency does not imply a solo, isolationist endeavor. Self-sufficiency may be accomplished with the help of as many people as it is possible to maintain full accountability, transparency, and sound ethics within that group. This group may be dispersed globally. Historically, sociology of human settlements has shown that this scale of self-sufficiency is a few hundred people. (see E.F. Schumacher; other references)
- The State promotes well-paid incompetence, largely through specialization, such that subjects produce sufficient surplus to pay for their own oppression.
- Education, media, and social engineering programs have subjugated human integrity to passive consumerism, with its related problems (resource conflicts, loss of freedom such as wage slavery). The only way out of this is creating a framework within which humans can prosper: provision of true education, learning of practical skills, stewardship of land, advanced technology for the people, and open access to economically significant know-how.
- Import substitution is reducing dependence on external feedstocks and replacing them with local ones. People in control of their resources control their own destiny. Thus, to localize the essential parts of an economy completely is the prime formula for social stability. Localization should not be considered a struggle, but merely a possibility. It is a possibility that is not recognized because most people, as specialists, lack integrated technical literacy and skills that make a local economy feasible.
- Product Ecologies - Illustrates how the different components of the GVCS relate with one another